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  Category: Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) Italian Poet  

  Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) Italian Poet 
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Durante di Alighiero degli Alighieri (commonly known by his pen name Dante Alighieri or simply as Dante )(c.1265-1321), was an Italian poet. His Divine Comedy, originally called Comedìa (modern Italian: Commedia) and later christened Divina by Giovanni Boccaccio, is widely considered the most important poem of the Middle Ages and the greatest literary work in the Italian language.

In the Late Middle Ages, most poetry was written in Latin, making it accessible only to the most educated readers. In De vulgari eloquentia (On Eloquence in the Vernacular), however, Dante defended the use of the vernacular in literature. He would even write in the Tuscan dialect for works such as The New Life (1295) and the Divine Comedy; this highly unorthodox choice set a precedent that important later Italian writers such as Petrarch and Boccaccio would follow.

Dante was instrumental in establishing the literature of Italy, and his depictions of Hell, Purgatory and Heaven provided inspiration for the larger body of Western art. (Wikipedia)

   The Divine Comedy Dante Alighieri

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   The De monarchia of Dante Alighieri Dante Alighieri translation Aurelia Henry

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